Are The Laws That Deal With Sin Eternal?

What do the prophets tell us about the Messianic Age? It will be an age of unending peace:

…For the law will go forth from Zion and the word of Hashem from Jerusalem. And He will judge between the nations, and will render decisions for many peoples; and they will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, and never again will they learn war. (Isaiah 2: 3 – 4)

There will be no end to the increase of his government or of peace, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness from then on and forevermore. (Isaiah 9: 7)

And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with the young goat, and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little boy will lead them…The nursing child will play by the hole of the cobra, and the weaned child will put his hand on the viper’s den. They will not hurt or destroy in all My holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of Hashem as the waters cover the sea. (Isaiah 11: 6 – 9)

This prophetically painted picture of a peaceful kingdom calls into question the relevancy of laws that deal with sin. Consider these ten laws of Moses and how they make no sense in the world to come:

Command Description
185 Idolatry and its trappings must be destroyed.
186 A city which has become perverted must be treated according to the law.
192 The military camp must be kept in sanitary condition.
193 To this end, every soldier must be equipped with the necessary implements.
194 Stolen property must be restored to its owner.
205 You are required to reprove the sinner.
218 He who violates a virgin must marry her and may never divorce her.
220 The rapist must be punished according to the law.
223 A woman suspected of adultery has to submit to the required test.
239 Thieves must be punished.

These laws, a sample of the 78 laws dealing with sin, address idolatry, corporate sin, militaries, thieving, and sexual immorality – things that will not exist in the age to come. Following the logic and argumentation already offered for laws dealing with death and disease, we can easily conclude that in like manner these laws dealing with sin will not be needed in the Messianic Age and are therefore finite in duration. When we take the 78 sin commands and add them to the 15 death commands and 13 disease commands, we get a total of 106 finite commands, equating to nearly 43% of the positive commands of Moses.

Here, in full, is the list of 78 laws of Moses that we have identified as relating to sin and being finite in duration:

Command Description
17 The king must write a special copy of the Torah for himself
18 Every Jew should have a Torah scroll
22 The temple must be guarded at all times
38 The high priest may marry only a virgin
48 Additional sacrifice must also be made on the Day of Atonement
49 The Avodah must also be performed
64 It is a commandment to perform the ritual of the sin offering
65 It is a commandment to perform the ritual of the guilt offering
68 Should the Sanhedrin err in a decision its members must bring a sin offering
69 A sin offering must also be brought by a person who has unwittingly transgressed a karet prohibition
70 When in doubt as to whether one has transgressed such a prohibition a suspensive guilt offering must be brought.
71 For stealing or swearing falsely and for other sins of a like nature, a guilt offering must be brought.
72 In special circumstances the sin offering can be according to one’s means.
73 One must confess one’s sins before God and repent for them.
89 The priests should eat the flesh of sin and guilt offerings
94 A person must honor his/her vows.
95 A judge can annul vows only in accordance with the law
118 If one unwittingly derives benefit from Temple property full restitution plus a fifth must be made
120 When you reap your fields you must leave the corners.
121 When you reap your fields you must leave the gleanings.
122 When you reap your fields you must leave the forgotten sheaves.
123 When you reap your fields you must leave the misformed bunches of grapes for the poor.
124 When you reap your fields you must leave the gleanings of the grapes for the poor.
130 In the third and sixth years of the seven cycle you should separate a tithe for the poor instead of the second tithe
137 You must set all slaves free and sound the Shofar on Yom Kippur in the year of Jubilee
164 You must fast on Yom Kippur
165 You must rest on Yom Kippur
175 In the case of division, yield to the majority
178 Whoever is aware of evidence must come to court to testify
179 Witnesses shall be examined thoroughly
180 False witnesses shall have done to them what they intended to do to the accused
181 When a person is found murdered and the murderer is unknown the ritual of decapitating the heifer must be performed.
185 Idolatry and its trappings must be destroyed
186 A city which has become perverted must be treated according to the law
189 Remember what Amalek did to Israel
190 The regulations for wars other than those commanded in the Torah are to be observed
191 A priest should be appointed for special duties in times of war
192 The military camp must be kept in a sanitary condition
193 To this end, every soldier must be equipped with the necessary implements
194 Stolen property must be restored to its owner
195 Give charity to the poor
196 When a slave goes free the owner must give him/her gifts
197 Lend to the poor without interest
199 Restore a pledge to its owner if he/she needs it
200 Pay the worker his/her wages on time
201 Permit the worker to eat of the produce with which he/she is working
205 You are required to reprove the sinner
208 Your weights and measures must be accurate
218 He who violates a virgin must marry her and may never divorce her
219 If a man unjustly accuses his wife of premarital promiscuity he shall be flogged, and may never divorce her
220 The rapist must be punished according to the law
221 The female captive must be treated in accordance with her special regulations
222 Divorce can be executed only by means of a written document
223 A woman suspected of adultery has to submit to the required test
224 When required by the law you must administer the punishment of flogging
226 Capital punishment shall be by the sword, as specified
227 Capital punishment shall be by strangulation, as specified
228 Capital punishment shall be by fire, as specified
229 Capital punishment shall be by stoning, as specified
230 In some cases the body of the executed shall be hanged
231 The body of the executed must be brought to burial the same day
232 Slaves must be treated according to the special laws for them
233 The master should marry his Hebrew maidservant (if he doesn’t redeem her)
234 The master should redeem his Hebrew maidservant (if he doesn’t marry her)
235 The alien slave must be treated according to the regulations applying to him/her
236 The applicable law must be administered in the case of injury caused by a person
237 The applicable law must be administered in the case of injury caused by an animal
238 The applicable law must be administered in the case of injury caused by a pit
239 Thieves must be punished
240 You must render judgment in cases of trespass by cattle
241 You must render judgment in cases of arson
242 You must render judgment in cases of embezzlement by an unpaid guardian
243 You must render judgment in cases of embezzlement by a paid guardian
244 You must render judgment in claims against a borrower
245 Judgment must also be rendered in disputes arising out of sales
246 Judgment must also be rendered in disputes arising out of inheritance
247 Judgment must also be rendered in disputes of other matters generally
248 You are required to rescue the persecuted even if it means killing his/her oppressor
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Are The Laws That Deal With Disease Eternal?

According to Moses, a man with leprosy must conduct himself in a certain way:

As for the leper who has the infection, his clothes shall be torn, and the hair of his head shall be uncovered, and he shall cover his mustache and cry, ‘Unclean! Unclean!’ He shall remain unclean all the days during which he has the infection; he is unclean. He shall live alone; his dwelling shall be outside the camp. (Leviticus 13: 45 – 46)

In the era of Moses, this law makes perfect sense. But in the Messianic Age there is no disease, so it does not make sense to have laws that instruct lepers, who will not exist, how to behave in public. So in the same way that we concluded the laws dealing with death are not eternal, we can conclude the laws dealing with disease are not eternal. There are at least 13 such commands:

Command Reference
Ritually unclean persons must be kept out of the Temple Numbers 5: 2
Cattle to be sacrificed must be without blemish Leviticus 22: 21
A man who has a seminal issue must bring a sacrifice Leviticus 15: 13 – 15
A woman who has a seminal issue must bring a sacrifice Leviticus 15: 28 – 29
A leper must bring a sacrifice after he/she has been cleansed. Leviticus 14: 10
A leper is ritually unclean Leviticus 13: 3
A leprous garment is ritually unclean Leviticus 13: 51
A leprous house is ritually unclean Leviticus 14: 44
A man having a running issue is unclean Leviticus 15: 2
A woman suffering from running issue is impure Leviticus 15: 19
To become cleansed of leprosy one must follow the specified procedure Leviticus 14: 2
To become cleansed of leprosy one must shave off all of one’s hair Leviticus 14: 9
Until cleansed the leper must be bareheaded with clothing in disarray so as to be easily distinguisable Leviticus 13: 45

These 13 commands, when added to the 15 previously identified commands dealing with death, bring the total of finite positive commands to 28, which equates to 11% of the positive commands of Moses.